Insulin is a critical hormone produced by the pancreas that is responsible for the regulation of blood sugar levels in the body.
When he body â€“ for whatever reason is unable to regulate blood sugar levels, the resultant spike in blood sugar leads to a condition called Hyperglycaemia.
When this condition becomes chronic it results in Diabetes.
Diabetes may occur when the pancreas fails to produce sufficient insulin. This is called type 1 diabetes and is more attributable to genetics.
Diabetes also occurs when the body is unable to properly utilise the insulin it produces. This is called type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of genetics and poor lifestyle choices.
Type 2 diabetes, also called diabetes mellitus is the more prevalent type of diabetes.
Then there is prediabetes, also called borderline diabetes or gestational diabetes. This is characterised by increased levels â€“ or sudden spikes â€“ in blood sugar but not yet diagnosed as full-blown diabetes mellitus.